Health Library

Since 1988, AIDS Action’s Health Library has provided reliable and up-to-date information about HIV treatment and wellness.

This library is here to provide information to people with HIV and their partners, families, and friends, as well as healthcare and social-service providers.  We also provide information on related illnesses, such as viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and tuberculosis (TB).

You can access the Health Library’s extensive online resources by using the pull-down menus below.  The menus are arranged by major themes, such as “Learning About HIV” and “HIV Treatment and Cure Research.”  When you click on each pull-down menu, you’ll find a list of Library web pages related to that theme.

Altogether, there are more than 240 topic pages related to HIV, hepatitis C, STIs, and TB.  These pages have links to thousands of recent fact sheets, articles, and reports in English and Spanish.

Explore the links below for detailed information on over 200 topics related to HIV, STDs, viral hepatitis, and related health concerns.

Learning About HIV

Adherence (Sticking to Your Regimen)

Background Information Adherence (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Keeping up with your meds: Adherence (Project Inform) and Spanish version Taking your treatment – adherence (AIDSmap) Selected Recent Articles The Undetectable…

Complementary Therapies and HIV

Fact Sheets Alternative and complementary therapies (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Alternative (Complementary) Therapies for HIV/AIDS (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs) Complementary therapies (The Well Project) Chinese acupuncture (AIDS InfoNet)…

Disclosure (Telling Others You Are HIV-Positive)

See Also: HIV Stigma, Discrimination, and Criminalization General Information Telling Others You Are HIV-Positive (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Telling Others About Your HIV (Project Inform) and Spanish version Disclosure…

Exercise and HIV

General Information Fact Sheets: Exercise and HIV (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Nutrition and Exercise When You Have HIV (Family Doctor) Exercise (AIDSmap) Other Exercise Fact Sheets from AIDSmap: Planning…

Food Safety and HIV

General Information Food Safety for People with HIV/AIDS (U.S. Department of Agriculture – USDA) Food and Water Safety (Tufts University Nutrition Infection Unit) Food Safety for People with HIV/AIDS (U.S….

HIV Disease Progression and Prognosis

Background Information HIV Life Cycle (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version The HIV Life Cycle (AIDSInfo) How HIV Causes AIDS (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases – NIAID) More on…

Immunizations and HIV

See also: Influenza (Flu) and HIV and Vaccines to Prevent and Treat HIV Infection General Information Vaccinations and HIV (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version HIV and Immunizations (AIDSInfo) and Spanish…

Mental Health and HIV

See also: Brain, Nervous System Problems, and HIV; People Who Inject Drugs (PWID), HIV, and Hepatitis C; Recreational Drugs, Addiction, and HIV; HIV and Hepatitis Stigma, Discrimination, and Criminalization; and…

Nutrition and HIV

See also: Diabetes and HIV; Exercise and HIV; Heart and Blood Vessel Disease and HIV; and Vitamins, Other Supplements, HIV, and Hepatitis C Basic Information Materials from Various Sites: Nutrition…

Pain Management, HIV, and Viral Hepatitis

See also: Arthritis and HIV and Neuropathy (Nerve Damage) and HIV General Information Pain (AIDSmap) Pain Syndrome and Peripheral Neuropathy (AIDS Education Training Center National Resource Center) – section from…

HIV Treatment and Cure Research

Access to HIV Care and Treatment

See also: HIV Continuum of Care and Getting to Zero – Ending the HIV/AIDS Epidemic Selected Recent Articles Multiple HIV care models effective for disease management.  (December 2016, Hepmag) PrEP…

Adherence (Sticking to Your Regimen)

Background Information Adherence (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Keeping up with your meds: Adherence (Project Inform) and Spanish version Taking your treatment – adherence (AIDSmap) Selected Recent Articles The Undetectable…

Basic Information about HIV and Treatment

See also: HIV Drugs – Basic Information, HIV Prevention – General Information, Opportunistic Illnesses and Related Conditions – General Information General Information HIV Basics/HIV 101 – Poz fact sheet After…

Benefits of HIV Treatment and Risks of Non-Treatment

See Also: Late HIV Diagnosis and Treatment, Starting HIV Treatment Selected Recent Articles Prompt ART reduces HIV patients’ cancer risk.  (September 2016, Healio) START analysis looks at who benefits most…

CCR5, CXCR4, CD4 Blockers, and Other Attachment Inhibitors

See also: Entry Inhibitors General Information about HIV Medications HIV Drug Chart.  Chart from Positively Aware’s Drug Guide with basic information about each antiretroviral drug and combination pill or tablet…

Cell Therapy and HIV

See also: Gene Therapy and HIV and Zinc Finger Gene Therapy Selected Recent Articles Gene Scissors Thwart HIV in Latent CD4 Cells, But Mutations Make Virus Stronger.  (July 2016, TheBodyPro) Maybe…

Changing HIV Treatment Regimens

See Also: U.S. Guidelines for HIV Testing, Prevention, and Treatment; Starting HIV Treatment; Comparing HIV Drug Regimens; Salvage Treatment for HIV; Innovative Approaches to HIV Treatment Selected Recent Articles Ask…

Comparing HIV Drug Regimens

See Also: U.S. Guidelines for HIV Testing, Prevention, and Treatment; Starting HIV Treatment; Changing Treatment Regimens; Salvage Treatment for HIV; Innovative Approaches to HIV Treatment Selected Recent Articles Integrase inhibitors…

Complementary Therapies and HIV

Fact Sheets Alternative and complementary therapies (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Alternative (Complementary) Therapies for HIV/AIDS (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs) Complementary therapies (The Well Project) Chinese acupuncture (AIDS InfoNet)…

Drug Dosing and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring

See also: Long-Acting and Slow-Release HIV Medications Fact Sheets and Background Information Drug Level Testing (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian versions Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) (TheBody) Selected Recent Articles…

Groups Affected by HIV, Viral Hepatitis, and Sexually Transmitted Infections

Hepatitis C: Access to Care and Treatment

Selected Recent Articles Methadone Users May Need Education About Hepatitis C Treatment.  (September 2016, Hepmag) ACLU, Harvard Law Sue Colorado for Restricting Access to Hepatitis C Treatment.  (September 2016, Hepmag)…

Hepatitis C: Epidemiology and Affected Population Groups

Information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Hepatitis C:  Overview and Statistics Surveillance for Viral Hepatitis – United States, 2013 Healthcare-Associated Hepatitis B and C Outbreaks Reported…

Hepatitis C: New and Experimental Treatments

Selected Recent Articles Note: The treatment for persons living with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is evolving very rapidly. Many articles and reports about HCV treatments are being published…

Hepatitis C: Policy Issues

Reports and Planning Documents Action Plan for the Prevention, Care, and Treatment of Viral Hepatitis: Updated 2014-2016.  (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services – HHS) Combating the Silent Epidemic…

Hepatitis C: Symptoms, Stages, and Prognosis

Please Note: This page focuses on the symptoms and stages of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, as well as the prognosis for persons who are currently living with HCV or…

Hepatitis C: Transmission and Prevention

General Information Guidelines for Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents (CDC, National Institutes of Health, and HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of…

Hepatitis C: Treatment with Approved Medications

General Information About Hepatitis C Drugs Hepatitis C Medications – The page has links to fact sheets and articles on individual hepatitis C drugs and drug combinations. Patient Assistance Programs…

HIV and Viral Hepatitis Coinfection

General Information HIV and Viral Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) Training Manual for Treatment Advocates: Hepatitis C Virus and Coinfection with HIV (Treatment Action Group) An…

HIV and Viral Hepatitis Drug Approvals, Warnings, and Label Changes

Selected Recent Articles FDA Approved Changes to the Genvoya Label.  (September 2016, TheBodyPro) FDA Approved Changes to the Sustiva Label.  (September 2016, TheBodyPro) FDA Approves Once-Daily Hepatitis C Regimen Viekira…

Kidney Disease, HIV, and Hepatitis

General Information HIV and Kidney Disease (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version The Kidneys (AIDSmap) Kidney Disease Tests (labtestsonline) – page with links to fact sheets on the many types of…

Health Conditions Seen with HIV

Neuropathy (Nerve Damage) and HIV

See also: Pain Management, HIV, and Viral Hepatitis General Information Peripheral Neuropathy (Poz) Peripheral Neuropathy (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Peripheral Neuropathy and HIV (Project Inform) Neuropathy – Nerve Pain…

Opportunistic Illnesses and Related Conditions (General Information)

See also: Treatment for Opportunistic Illnesses and pages for particular opportunistic illnesses Please Note: Most of the resources on this page focus on opportunistic illnesses and their treatment.  However, we…

Oral (Mouth) Health and HIV

General Information HIV and the Mouth (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version HIV and Your Mouth (The Well Project) Mouth Problems and HIV (National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research) and…

Organ Transplantation, HIV, and Hepatitis C

General Information Organ Transplants & HIV/AIDS (Thebody) – web site with links to fact sheets and articles about organ transplantation Blood Transfusions & Organ/Tissue Transplants (AIDS.gov) Selected Recent Articles HCV/HIV…

Pages for Particular HIV Drugs

Nucleoside or Nucleotide Analogue Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (“Nukes” or NRTIs) Abacavir (Ziagen) Didanosine (ddI, Videx) Emtricitabine (FTC, Emtriva) Lamivudine (3TC, Epivir) Stavudine (d4T, Zerit) Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (Viread) Zalcitabine (ddC,…

Parasitic Infections and HIV

See also: Cryptosporidiosis; Food Safety and HIV; PCP – Pneumocystis Pneumonia; Opportunistic Illnesses and Related Conditions (General Information); Toxoplasmosis; and Treatment for Opportunistic Illnesses Fact Sheets About Particular Parasitic Infections…

PCP – Pneumocystis Pneumonia

General Information Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version PCP (AIDSmap) Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) (Poz) Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole, Cotrimoxazole (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Dapsone (Avlosulfon) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version…

PML – Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

General Information Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) (Poz) Guidelines Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and…

Shingles and HIV

General Information Herpes Zoster (Shingles) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Herpes Zoster Virus (Shingles) (Poz) Shingles and Chicken Pox (TheBody) Shingles (MedlinePlus) Acyclovir (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Valacyclovir (AIDSInfo) and…

Sinusitis

Fact Sheets and Articles Sinusitis (Sinus Infection) (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) Sinusitis (MedlinePlus) – this web page provides basic background information with links to many other resources…

HIV Prevention, Transmission, and Testing

PrEP – Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prevention)

General Information Materials from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Basic Information on PrEP Take Charge:  Talk to Your Doctor About PrEP Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV…

U.S. Guidelines for HIV Testing, Prevention, and Treatment

Guidelines for HIV Testing Revised Recommendations for HIV Testing of Adults, Adolescents, and Pregnant Women in Health-Care Settings U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement: Screening for HIV Laboratory Testing…

Vaccines to Prevent and Treat HIV Infection

See also: HIV and the Immune System; Immune-Based Therapies; and Immunizations and HIV General Information Preventive HIV Vaccines (AIDSinfo) – Fact sheet with information for potential clinical trial participants on…

Pages for Particular HIV Drugs

Rilpivirine (Edurant)

Fact Sheets About Rilpivirine Rilpivirine (AIDSInfo) and Spanish Rilpivirine (Edurant) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish Edurant (rilpivirine, RPV, TMC-278) (Poz) Edurant: Rilpivirine hydrochloride (rilpivirine) or RPV (Positively Aware) Combination Pills Containing…

Ritonavir (Norvir)

Fact Sheets About Ritonavir Ritonavir (Norvir) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Ritonavir (Norvir) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Norvir (ritonavir) (Poz) Norvir: Ritonavir or RTV (Positively Aware) Combination Treatments That Include…

Saquinavir (Invirase)

Fact Sheets About Saquinavir Saquinavir (Invirase) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Saquinavir (Invirase) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Invirase (Poz) Invirase: Saquinavir or SQV (Positively Aware) For More Information For news…

Stavudine (d4T, Zerit)

Fact Sheets About Stavudine Stavudine (Zerit) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Stavudine (Zerit, d4T) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Zerit (stavudine, d4T) (Poz) Zerit: Stavudine or d4T (Positively Aware) For More…

Stribild (Elvitegravir + Cobicistat + Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate + Emtricitabine)

Fact Sheets About Stribild Elvitegravir/Cobicistat/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (Stribild) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Stribild (elvitegravir + cobicistat + emtricitabine + tenofovir) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Stribild (Poz) Stribild: elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir or…

Tipranavir (Aptivus)

Fact Sheets About Tipranavir Tipranavir (Aptivus) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Tipranavir (Aptivus) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Aptivus (Poz) Aptivus (Tipranavir or TPV) (Positively Aware) For More Information For news…

Triumeq (Dolutegravir + Abacavir + Lamivudine)

Fact Sheets About Triumeq Abacavir/Dolutegravir/Lamivudine (Triumeq) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Triumeq (dolutegravir + abacavir + lamivudine) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Triumeq (Poz) Triumeq: dolutegravir/abacavir/lamivudine or DTG/ABC/3TC (Positively Aware) Medications…

Trizivir (Abacavir + Lamivudine + Zidovudine)

Fact Sheets About Trizivir Abacavir/Lamivudine/Zidovudine (Trizivir) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Trizivir (zidovudine + lamivudine + abacavir) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Trizivir (Poz) Trizivir: abacavir/lamivudine/zidovudine or ABC/3TC/AZT (Positively Aware) Medications…

Zalcitabine (ddC, Hivid)

Note: The drug zalcitabine has been discontinued. Fact Sheet About Zalcitabine Zalcitabine (Hivid, ddC) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version For More Information For information about zalcitabine, you can go to…

Zidovudine (AZT, Retrovir)

Fact Sheets About Zidovudine Zidovudine (Retrovir) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Zidovudine (Retrovir, AZT) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Retrovir (zidovudine, AZT) (Poz) Retrovir: Zidovudine, ZDV, or AZT (Positively Aware) Combination…

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Chlamydia Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections Fact Sheets About Chlamydia Chlamydia (American Sexual Health Association) Chlamydia. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish version Incidence, Prevalence, and Costs…

Gonorrhea Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections Fact Sheets About Gonorrhea Gonorrhea (American Sexual Health Association) Gonorrhea (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish version Incidence, Prevalence, and Costs…

Herpes and HIV

See also: Herpes Basics, Shingles and HIV Background Information Herpes Simplex (Cold Sores and Genital Herpes) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Herpes Zoster (Shingles) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Herpes…

Herpes Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections and Herpes and HIV Fact Sheets About Herpes Herpes (American Sexual Health Association) Genital Herpes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish…

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV

See also: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Basics; Anal and Cervical Cancers and HIV; Cancer, HIV, and Viral Hepatitis; and Sexually Transmitted Infections General Information Human Papillomavirus (HPV) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish…

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV Fact Sheets About Human Papillomavirus (HPV) HPV (American Sexual Health Association) Human Papillomavirus (HPV) (Centers for Disease Control and…

Sexually Transmitted Infections

See also: Syphilis and HIV; Syphilis Basics; Chlamydia Basics; Gonorrhea Basics; Herpes and HIV; Herpes Basics; Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV; Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Basics; and Sexual Health Please Note:…

Syphilis and HIV

See also Sexually Transmitted Infections and Syphilis Basics General Information Syphilis (Poz) Syphilis (AIDSmap) Syphilis (American Sexual Health Association) Syphilis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish…

Syphilis Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections and Syphilis and HIV Fact Sheets Syphilis (American Sexual Health Association) Syphilis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish version Syphilis and…

Viral Hepatitis

Acute Hepatitis C Virus Infection

General Information The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) What Are the Symptoms and Signs of Hepatitis C?  (American Liver Foundation) What Are the Signs and Symptoms…

Drug Interactions (HIV and Hepatitis C)

General Information Drug Interactions (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Drug Interactions (Project Inform) – fact sheet with links to sites that allow you to check medications for possible interactions Database…

Hepatitis A Virus Infection

  General Information Hepatitis A Overview Materials: Hepatitis A (MedlinePlus) The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) What I need to know about hepatitis A…

Hepatitis B Virus Infection

  General Information Basic Resources from Various Sites: Hepatitis B (MedlinePlus) What I need to know about hepatitis B (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) and Spanish…

Hepatitis C Basics

General Information Overview Materials: Hepatitis C (MedlinePlus) The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) What I need to know about hepatitis C (National Institute of…

Hepatitis C Genotypes

General Information Hepatitis C Genotypes (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Hepatitis C Genotypes and Quasispecies (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs) HCV Genotype and Quasispecies (Hepatitis C Support Project) Are There…

Hepatitis C Outbreaks and Case Clusters

See also: Hepatitis C: Epidemiology and Affected Population Groups Selected Recent Articles “Overdose Outbreak” Hits West Virginia in the Midst of Opioid Crisis.  (August 2016, Hepmag) Hepatitis C Epidemic Hits…

Hepatitis C Reinfection

Selected Recent Articles Hepatitis C infection and reinfection among men who have sex with men need higher priority, US and European studies show.  (September 2016, AIDSmap) Risk of reinfection is…

Hepatitis C Screening/Testing

General Information Testing Recommendations for Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) Final Recommendation Statement: Hepatitis C Screening (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force) Testing…

Hepatitis C Vaccine Research

Selected Recent Articles Hepatitis C vaccine development shows progress but scientific barriers remain.  (September 2016, AIDSmap) Separate, coadministration of investigational HIV, HCV vaccines induce similar responses.  (April 2016, Healio); related…

Basic Information about HIV, Hepatitis and Sexually Transmitted Infections

HIV Types, Subtypes, and Strains

General Information Subtype (AIDSInfo HIV/AIDS Glossary) HIV Strains: Types, Groups, and Subtypes (Avert) HIV-1 Subtypes (AIDSmap) HIV-2 (AIDSmap) Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2 (WebMD) HIV-1 global distribution – map on…

HIV Viral Load and Viral Suppression

See also: Viral Resistance General Information General Fact Sheets: Viral load tests (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian version Viral load (AIDSmap) Other Fact Sheets from AIDSmap: Why monitor CD4…

HIV/AIDS Glossaries

Glossaries from Various Sources AIDSInfo Glossary (AIDSInfo) – a very comprehensive, searchable glossary of HIV/AIDS terms; also available as a downloadable PDF file. Glosario del VIH/SIDA (AIDSInfo) Spanish version of…

T-Cell (CD4) Tests and T-Cell Counts

General Information Fact Sheets: CD4 Cell Tests (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian versions CD4 Cell Counts (AIDSmap) CD4 Count (labtestsonline) Other Fact Sheets from AIDSmap: Why Monitor CD4 and Viral Load? CD4 Cell Counts Looking…

HIV Myths and Misunderstandings

See also: AIDS Denialism General Information Myths about HIV/AIDS (TheBody) AIDS Myths and Misunderstandings (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian versions How to Identify AIDS Fraud (Project Inform) How Is…

HIV Drugs – Basic Information

General Information about HIV Medications HIV Drug Chart.  Chart from Positively Aware’s Drug Guide with basic information about each antiretroviral drug and combination pill or tablet approved by FDA.  For…

Basic Information about HIV and Treatment

See also: HIV Drugs – Basic Information, HIV Prevention – General Information, Opportunistic Illnesses and Related Conditions – General Information General Information HIV Basics/HIV 101 – Poz fact sheet After…

Blood Tests and Other Lab Tests (in Persons Living with HIV)

See also:  HIV Testing; T-Cell Tests; HIV Viral Load and Viral Suppression; HIV Viral Resistance General Information Testing for HIV.  Fact sheet from AIDSInfo for HIV-infected individuals explaining HIV testing….

HIV and the Immune System

See also: Primary (Early) HIV Infection; Immune-Based Therapies; Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS); Long-Term Nonprogressors and ‘Elite Controllers’; and Vaccines to Prevent and Treat HIV Infection Background Information Immune System…

AIDS Denialism

See also: HIV Myths and Misunderstandings Background Information AIDS Treatment News Denialist Series (TheBody) – This series of articles, though written in 2000 and 2001, is still an excellent review…