Health Library

Since 1988, AIDS Action’s Health Library has provided reliable and up-to-date information about HIV treatment and wellness.

This library is here to provide information to people with HIV and their partners, families, and friends, as well as healthcare and social-service providers.  We also provide information on related illnesses, such as viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and tuberculosis (TB).

You can access the Health Library’s extensive online resources by using the pull-down menus below.  The menus are arranged by major themes, such as “Learning About HIV” and “HIV Treatment and Cure Research.”  When you click on each pull-down menu, you’ll find a list of Library web pages related to that theme.

Altogether, there are more than 240 topic pages related to HIV, hepatitis C, STIs, and TB.  These pages have links to thousands of recent fact sheets, articles, and reports in English and Spanish.

Explore the links below for detailed information on over 200 topics related to HIV, STDs, viral hepatitis, and related health concerns.

Learning About HIV

Vitamins, Other Supplements, HIV, and Hepatitis C

See also: Nutrition and HIV General Information Vitamins and Minerals (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Vitamins, Minerals, and Supplements (CATIE) – section from “A Practical Guide to Nutrition for People…

Wellness, HIV, and Hepatitis C

Note: This web page provides links to basic information about living a healthy life with HIV, hepatitis C, or both. It also provides links to other Health Library pages with…

HIV and Hepatitis Criminalization

See also: HIV and Hepatitis Stigma and Discrimination and Prison Inmates, Ex-Offenders, HIV, and Viral Hepatitis General Information Resources from the Center for HIV Law and Policy, including their Positive…

HIV Treatment and Cure Research

Marijuana, Marinol, and HIV

General Information Marijuana (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Nausea, Vomiting, and Diarrhea (Poz) Wasting syndrome (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Medical Marijuana in Massachusetts (from the Massachusetts Executive Office of…

Maturation Inhibitors

Background Information Maturation and assembly inhibitors (AIDSmap) The HIV Life Cycle (Poz) Selected Recent Articles HIV maturation inhibitor BMS-955176 shows good safety and efficacy in phase 2a trial.  (October 2015,…

New and Experimental HIV Drugs and Treatments

See also: CCR5, CXCR4, and CD4 Blockers, and Other Attachment Inhibitors; Entry Inhibitors; Maturation Inhibitors; Integrase Inhibitors; Research to Cure HIV Infection; Immune-Based Therapies; Vaccines to Prevent and Treat HIV…

Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (“Non-Nukes”)

General Information About HIV Medications HIV Drug Chart.  Chart from Positively Aware’s Drug Guide with basic information about each antiretroviral drug and combination pill or tablet approved by FDA.  For…

Nucleoside and Nucleotide Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (“Nukes”)

General Information About HIV Medications HIV Drug Chart.  Chart from Positively Aware’s Drug Guide with basic information about each antiretroviral drug and combination pill or tablet approved by FDA.  For…

Primary (Early or Acute) HIV Infection

General Information Acute HIV Infection (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Primary infection (AIDSmap) Treatment During Primary Infection Young women treated in very early HIV infection stay HIV negative and preserve…

Protease Inhibitors

General Information about HIV Medications HIV Drug Chart.  Chart from Positively Aware’s Drug Guide with basic information about each antiretroviral drug and combination pill or tablet approved by FDA.  For…

Provider-Patient Relationship and Working with Your Doctor

General Information Choosing an HIV Care Provider (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Building a Patient/Doctor Relationship (Project Inform) and Spanish version Medical Appointments (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Questions to…

Public and Private Drug Assistance Programs for HIV and Hepatitis C Medications

AIDS Drug Assistance Programs (Government-Funded) 2015 National ADAP Monitoring Project Annual Report (National Alliance of State and Territorial AIDS Directors) Funding HIV Treatment: The Future of the Ryan White Program…

Research to Cure HIV Infection

Selected Recent Articles Media reports of a British HIV cure ‘breakthrough’ are premature.  (October 2016, AIDSmap); related coverage from MedPage Today Should HIV Cure Research, Inspired by Advances in Fighting…

Groups Affected by HIV, Viral Hepatitis, and Sexually Transmitted Infections

Acute Hepatitis C Virus Infection

General Information The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) What Are the Symptoms and Signs of Hepatitis C?  (American Liver Foundation) What Are the Signs and Symptoms…

Drug Interactions (HIV and Hepatitis C)

General Information Drug Interactions (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Drug Interactions (Project Inform) – fact sheet with links to sites that allow you to check medications for possible interactions Database…

Hepatitis A Virus Infection

  General Information Hepatitis A Overview Materials: Hepatitis A (MedlinePlus) The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) What I need to know about hepatitis A…

Hepatitis B Virus Infection

  General Information Basic Resources from Various Sites: Hepatitis B (MedlinePlus) What I need to know about hepatitis B (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) and Spanish…

Hepatitis C Basics

General Information Overview Materials: Hepatitis C (MedlinePlus) The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) What I need to know about hepatitis C (National Institute of…

Hepatitis C Genotypes

General Information Hepatitis C Genotypes (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Hepatitis C Genotypes and Quasispecies (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs) HCV Genotype and Quasispecies (Hepatitis C Support Project) Are There…

Hepatitis C Outbreaks and Case Clusters

See also: Hepatitis C: Epidemiology and Affected Population Groups Selected Recent Articles “Overdose Outbreak” Hits West Virginia in the Midst of Opioid Crisis.  (August 2016, Hepmag) Hepatitis C Epidemic Hits…

Hepatitis C Reinfection

Selected Recent Articles Hepatitis C infection and reinfection among men who have sex with men need higher priority, US and European studies show.  (September 2016, AIDSmap) Risk of reinfection is…

Hepatitis C Screening/Testing

General Information Testing Recommendations for Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) Final Recommendation Statement: Hepatitis C Screening (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force) Testing…

Hepatitis C Vaccine Research

Selected Recent Articles Hepatitis C vaccine development shows progress but scientific barriers remain.  (September 2016, AIDSmap) Separate, coadministration of investigational HIV, HCV vaccines induce similar responses.  (April 2016, Healio); related…

Health Conditions Seen with HIV

Neuropathy (Nerve Damage) and HIV

See also: Pain Management, HIV, and Viral Hepatitis General Information Peripheral Neuropathy (Poz) Peripheral Neuropathy (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Peripheral Neuropathy and HIV (Project Inform) Neuropathy – Nerve Pain…

Opportunistic Illnesses and Related Conditions (General Information)

See also: Treatment for Opportunistic Illnesses and pages for particular opportunistic illnesses Please Note: Most of the resources on this page focus on opportunistic illnesses and their treatment.  However, we…

Oral (Mouth) Health and HIV

General Information HIV and the Mouth (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version HIV and Your Mouth (The Well Project) Mouth Problems and HIV (National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research) and…

Organ Transplantation, HIV, and Hepatitis C

General Information Organ Transplants & HIV/AIDS (Thebody) – web site with links to fact sheets and articles about organ transplantation Blood Transfusions & Organ/Tissue Transplants (AIDS.gov) Selected Recent Articles HCV/HIV…

Pages for Particular HIV Drugs

Nucleoside or Nucleotide Analogue Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (“Nukes” or NRTIs) Abacavir (Ziagen) Didanosine (ddI, Videx) Emtricitabine (FTC, Emtriva) Lamivudine (3TC, Epivir) Stavudine (d4T, Zerit) Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (Viread) Zalcitabine (ddC,…

Parasitic Infections and HIV

See also: Cryptosporidiosis; Food Safety and HIV; PCP – Pneumocystis Pneumonia; Opportunistic Illnesses and Related Conditions (General Information); Toxoplasmosis; and Treatment for Opportunistic Illnesses Fact Sheets About Particular Parasitic Infections…

PCP – Pneumocystis Pneumonia

General Information Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version PCP (AIDSmap) Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) (Poz) Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole, Cotrimoxazole (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Dapsone (Avlosulfon) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version…

PML – Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

General Information Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) (Poz) Guidelines Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and…

Shingles and HIV

General Information Herpes Zoster (Shingles) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Herpes Zoster Virus (Shingles) (Poz) Shingles and Chicken Pox (TheBody) Shingles (MedlinePlus) Acyclovir (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Valacyclovir (AIDSInfo) and…

Sinusitis

Fact Sheets and Articles Sinusitis (Sinus Infection) (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) Sinusitis (MedlinePlus) – this web page provides basic background information with links to many other resources…

HIV Prevention, Transmission, and Testing

Circumcision and HIV

Fact Sheets Male Circumcision (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) for HIV Prevention (Avert) Selected Recent Articles Circumcision, ART reduce new HIV infections in rural…

Condoms and Condom Use

See also: HIV Prevention – General Information and HIV Treatment as Prevention General Information Condoms (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Condom Fact Sheet in Brief  (Centers for Disease Control and…

HIV Prevention – General Information

Please note:  This page focuses on general information about HIV prevention.  For more detailed information and news about particular HIV prevention techniques and strategies, see the following Health Library web…

HIV Reinfection

General Information HIV Superinfection (Reinfection) (TheBody) What do we know about HIV superinfection? (Center for AIDS Prevention Studies) and Spanish version HIV superinfection vs. dual initial infection: What clinicians and…

HIV Testing

See also: Blood Tests and Other Lab Tests; Late HIV Diagnosis and Treatment; T-Cell (CD4) Tests and T-Cell Counts; HIV Viral Load and Viral Suppression; and HIV Viral Resistance General…

HIV Transmission

See also: Circumcision and HIV; HIV Prevention – General Information; Microbicides and HIV; PrEP – Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis; Pregnancy, Family Planning, and Mother-to-Child Transmission; PEP – Post-Exposure Prophylaxis; Sexual Health and…

HIV Treatment as Prevention

See also: HIV Transmission; PEP – Post-Exposure Prophylaxis; PrEP – Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis; Pregnancy, Family Planning, and Mother-to-Child Transmission; Sexual Health and HIV General Information Prevention Benefits of HIV Treatment (Centers for Disease…

Microbicides and HIV

General Information Global Campaign for Microbicides – Resources download page (Global Campaign) – This page has many fact sheets, as well as links to many other in-depth resources on HIV…

PEP – Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prevention)

General Information Treatment after exposure to HIV (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Occupational HIV Transmission and Prevention among Health Care Workers (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) PEP and PrEP…

Pregnancy, Family Planning, and Mother-to-Child Transmission

General Information HIV and Pregnancy (AIDSInfo) Pregnancy and HIV (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version HIV and Family Planning (Poz) Having a Baby (AIDSmap) Pregnancy & HIV/AIDS (TheBody) – web page…

Pages for Particular HIV Drugs

Rilpivirine (Edurant)

Fact Sheets About Rilpivirine Rilpivirine (AIDSInfo) and Spanish Rilpivirine (Edurant) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish Edurant (rilpivirine, RPV, TMC-278) (Poz) Edurant: Rilpivirine hydrochloride (rilpivirine) or RPV (Positively Aware) Combination Pills Containing…

Ritonavir (Norvir)

Fact Sheets About Ritonavir Ritonavir (Norvir) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Ritonavir (Norvir) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Norvir (ritonavir) (Poz) Norvir: Ritonavir or RTV (Positively Aware) Combination Treatments That Include…

Saquinavir (Invirase)

Fact Sheets About Saquinavir Saquinavir (Invirase) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Saquinavir (Invirase) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Invirase (Poz) Invirase: Saquinavir or SQV (Positively Aware) For More Information For news…

Stavudine (d4T, Zerit)

Fact Sheets About Stavudine Stavudine (Zerit) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Stavudine (Zerit, d4T) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Zerit (stavudine, d4T) (Poz) Zerit: Stavudine or d4T (Positively Aware) For More…

Stribild (Elvitegravir + Cobicistat + Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate + Emtricitabine)

Fact Sheets About Stribild Elvitegravir/Cobicistat/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (Stribild) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Stribild (elvitegravir + cobicistat + emtricitabine + tenofovir) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Stribild (Poz) Stribild: elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir or…

Tipranavir (Aptivus)

Fact Sheets About Tipranavir Tipranavir (Aptivus) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Tipranavir (Aptivus) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Aptivus (Poz) Aptivus (Tipranavir or TPV) (Positively Aware) For More Information For news…

Triumeq (Dolutegravir + Abacavir + Lamivudine)

Fact Sheets About Triumeq Abacavir/Dolutegravir/Lamivudine (Triumeq) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Triumeq (dolutegravir + abacavir + lamivudine) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Triumeq (Poz) Triumeq: dolutegravir/abacavir/lamivudine or DTG/ABC/3TC (Positively Aware) Medications…

Trizivir (Abacavir + Lamivudine + Zidovudine)

Fact Sheets About Trizivir Abacavir/Lamivudine/Zidovudine (Trizivir) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Trizivir (zidovudine + lamivudine + abacavir) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Trizivir (Poz) Trizivir: abacavir/lamivudine/zidovudine or ABC/3TC/AZT (Positively Aware) Medications…

Zalcitabine (ddC, Hivid)

Note: The drug zalcitabine has been discontinued. Fact Sheet About Zalcitabine Zalcitabine (Hivid, ddC) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version For More Information For information about zalcitabine, you can go to…

Zidovudine (AZT, Retrovir)

Fact Sheets About Zidovudine Zidovudine (Retrovir) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Zidovudine (Retrovir, AZT) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Retrovir (zidovudine, AZT) (Poz) Retrovir: Zidovudine, ZDV, or AZT (Positively Aware) Combination…

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Chlamydia Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections Fact Sheets About Chlamydia Chlamydia (American Sexual Health Association) Chlamydia. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish version Incidence, Prevalence, and Costs…

Gonorrhea Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections Fact Sheets About Gonorrhea Gonorrhea (American Sexual Health Association) Gonorrhea (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish version Incidence, Prevalence, and Costs…

Herpes and HIV

See also: Herpes Basics, Shingles and HIV Background Information Herpes Simplex (Cold Sores and Genital Herpes) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Herpes Zoster (Shingles) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Herpes…

Herpes Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections and Herpes and HIV Fact Sheets About Herpes Herpes (American Sexual Health Association) Genital Herpes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish…

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV

See also: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Basics; Anal and Cervical Cancers and HIV; Cancer, HIV, and Viral Hepatitis; and Sexually Transmitted Infections General Information Human Papillomavirus (HPV) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish…

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV Fact Sheets About Human Papillomavirus (HPV) HPV (American Sexual Health Association) Human Papillomavirus (HPV) (Centers for Disease Control and…

Sexually Transmitted Infections

See also: Syphilis and HIV; Syphilis Basics; Chlamydia Basics; Gonorrhea Basics; Herpes and HIV; Herpes Basics; Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV; Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Basics; and Sexual Health Please Note:…

Syphilis and HIV

See also Sexually Transmitted Infections and Syphilis Basics General Information Syphilis (Poz) Syphilis (AIDSmap) Syphilis (American Sexual Health Association) Syphilis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish…

Syphilis Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections and Syphilis and HIV Fact Sheets Syphilis (American Sexual Health Association) Syphilis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish version Syphilis and…

Viral Hepatitis

Acute Hepatitis C Virus Infection

General Information The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) What Are the Symptoms and Signs of Hepatitis C?  (American Liver Foundation) What Are the Signs and Symptoms…

Drug Interactions (HIV and Hepatitis C)

General Information Drug Interactions (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Drug Interactions (Project Inform) – fact sheet with links to sites that allow you to check medications for possible interactions Database…

Hepatitis A Virus Infection

  General Information Hepatitis A Overview Materials: Hepatitis A (MedlinePlus) The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) What I need to know about hepatitis A…

Hepatitis B Virus Infection

  General Information Basic Resources from Various Sites: Hepatitis B (MedlinePlus) What I need to know about hepatitis B (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) and Spanish…

Hepatitis C Basics

General Information Overview Materials: Hepatitis C (MedlinePlus) The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) What I need to know about hepatitis C (National Institute of…

Hepatitis C Genotypes

General Information Hepatitis C Genotypes (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Hepatitis C Genotypes and Quasispecies (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs) HCV Genotype and Quasispecies (Hepatitis C Support Project) Are There…

Hepatitis C Outbreaks and Case Clusters

See also: Hepatitis C: Epidemiology and Affected Population Groups Selected Recent Articles “Overdose Outbreak” Hits West Virginia in the Midst of Opioid Crisis.  (August 2016, Hepmag) Hepatitis C Epidemic Hits…

Hepatitis C Reinfection

Selected Recent Articles Hepatitis C infection and reinfection among men who have sex with men need higher priority, US and European studies show.  (September 2016, AIDSmap) Risk of reinfection is…

Hepatitis C Screening/Testing

General Information Testing Recommendations for Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) Final Recommendation Statement: Hepatitis C Screening (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force) Testing…

Hepatitis C Vaccine Research

Selected Recent Articles Hepatitis C vaccine development shows progress but scientific barriers remain.  (September 2016, AIDSmap) Separate, coadministration of investigational HIV, HCV vaccines induce similar responses.  (April 2016, Healio); related…

Basic Information about HIV, Hepatitis and Sexually Transmitted Infections

HIV Types, Subtypes, and Strains

General Information Subtype (AIDSInfo HIV/AIDS Glossary) HIV Strains: Types, Groups, and Subtypes (Avert) HIV-1 Subtypes (AIDSmap) HIV-2 (AIDSmap) Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2 (WebMD) HIV-1 global distribution – map on…

HIV Viral Load and Viral Suppression

See also: Viral Resistance General Information General Fact Sheets: Viral load tests (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian version Viral load (AIDSmap) Other Fact Sheets from AIDSmap: Why monitor CD4…

HIV/AIDS Glossaries

Glossaries from Various Sources AIDSInfo Glossary (AIDSInfo) – a very comprehensive, searchable glossary of HIV/AIDS terms; also available as a downloadable PDF file. Glosario del VIH/SIDA (AIDSInfo) Spanish version of…

T-Cell (CD4) Tests and T-Cell Counts

General Information Fact Sheets: CD4 Cell Tests (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian versions CD4 Cell Counts (AIDSmap) CD4 Count (labtestsonline) Other Fact Sheets from AIDSmap: Why Monitor CD4 and Viral Load? CD4 Cell Counts Looking…

HIV Myths and Misunderstandings

See also: AIDS Denialism General Information Myths about HIV/AIDS (TheBody) AIDS Myths and Misunderstandings (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian versions How to Identify AIDS Fraud (Project Inform) How Is…

HIV Drugs – Basic Information

General Information about HIV Medications HIV Drug Chart.  Chart from Positively Aware’s Drug Guide with basic information about each antiretroviral drug and combination pill or tablet approved by FDA.  For…

Basic Information about HIV and Treatment

See also: HIV Drugs – Basic Information, HIV Prevention – General Information, Opportunistic Illnesses and Related Conditions – General Information General Information HIV Basics/HIV 101 – Poz fact sheet After…

Blood Tests and Other Lab Tests (in Persons Living with HIV)

See also:  HIV Testing; T-Cell Tests; HIV Viral Load and Viral Suppression; HIV Viral Resistance General Information Testing for HIV.  Fact sheet from AIDSInfo for HIV-infected individuals explaining HIV testing….

HIV and the Immune System

See also: Primary (Early) HIV Infection; Immune-Based Therapies; Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS); Long-Term Nonprogressors and ‘Elite Controllers’; and Vaccines to Prevent and Treat HIV Infection Background Information Immune System…

AIDS Denialism

See also: HIV Myths and Misunderstandings Background Information AIDS Treatment News Denialist Series (TheBody) – This series of articles, though written in 2000 and 2001, is still an excellent review…