Health Library

Since 1988, AIDS Action’s Health Library has provided reliable and up-to-date information about HIV treatment and wellness.

We’re here to help people with HIV and their partners, families, and friends, as well as healthcare and social-service providers stay on top of advances in HIV and AIDS research.  We also provide information on related illnesses, such as viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and tuberculosis (TB).

You can access the Health Library’s extensive online resources by using the pull-down menus below.  The menus are arranged by major themes, such as “Learning About HIV” and “HIV Treatment and Cure Research.”  When you click on each pull-down menu, you’ll find a list of Library web pages related to that theme.

Altogether, the Library staff has created more than 240 topic pages related to HIV, hepatitis C, STIs, and TB.  These pages have links to thousands of recent fact sheets, articles, and reports in English and Spanish.

In addition to continually updating our online resources, the Health Library offers several other services, which include:

  • Answering questions about HIV and other infectious diseases, as well as associated health conditions, wellness, and cutting-edge research and trends.
  • Tracking and summarizing news about infectious disease prevention, diagnosis, treatment, policy, and epidemiology.
  • Providing technical assistance to support the health education activities of Massachusetts-based clinical and social-service providers.
  • Developing print information packets on the wide range of health topics described above. These information packets can be tailored to your specific needs and interests.
  • Publishing the HIV and Hepatitis Health Disparities Update, a free online newsletter featuring news on health disparities in HIV, viral hepatitis, and related conditions.

Explore the links below for detailed and updated information on over 200 topics related to HIV, STDs, viral hepatitis, and related health concerns.

Learning About HIV

Adherence (Sticking to Your Regimen)

Background Information Adherence (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Keeping up with your meds: Adherence (Project Inform) and Spanish version Taking your treatment – adherence (AIDSmap) Selected Recent Articles The Undetectable…

Complementary Therapies and HIV

Fact Sheets Alternative and complementary therapies (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Alternative (Complementary) Therapies for HIV/AIDS (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs) Complementary therapies (The Well Project) Chinese acupuncture (AIDS InfoNet)…

Disclosure (Telling Others You Are HIV-Positive)

See Also: HIV Stigma, Discrimination, and Criminalization General Information Telling Others You Are HIV-Positive (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Telling Others About Your HIV (Project Inform) and Spanish version Disclosure…

Exercise and HIV

General Information Fact Sheets: Exercise and HIV (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Nutrition and Exercise When You Have HIV (Family Doctor) Exercise (AIDSmap) Other Exercise Fact Sheets from AIDSmap: Planning…

Food Safety and HIV

General Information Food Safety for People with HIV/AIDS (U.S. Department of Agriculture – USDA) Food and Water Safety (Tufts University Nutrition Infection Unit) Food Safety for People with HIV/AIDS (U.S….

HIV Disease Progression and Prognosis

Background Information HIV Life Cycle (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version The HIV Life Cycle (AIDSInfo) How HIV Causes AIDS (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases – NIAID) More on…

Immunizations and HIV

See also: Influenza (Flu) and HIV and Vaccines to Prevent and Treat HIV Infection General Information Vaccinations and HIV (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version HIV and Immunizations (AIDSInfo) and Spanish…

Mental Health and HIV

See also: Brain, Nervous System Problems, and HIV; People Who Inject Drugs (PWID), HIV, and Hepatitis C; Recreational Drugs, Addiction, and HIV; HIV and Hepatitis Stigma, Discrimination, and Criminalization; and…

Nutrition and HIV

See also: Diabetes and HIV; Exercise and HIV; Heart and Blood Vessel Disease and HIV; and Vitamins, Other Supplements, HIV, and Hepatitis C Basic Information Materials from Various Sites: Nutrition…

Pain Management, HIV, and Viral Hepatitis

See also: Arthritis and HIV and Neuropathy (Nerve Damage) and HIV General Information Pain (AIDSmap) Pain Syndrome and Peripheral Neuropathy (AIDS Education Training Center National Resource Center) – section from…

HIV Treatment and Cure Research

Access to HIV Care and Treatment

See also: HIV Continuum of Care and Getting to Zero – Ending the HIV/AIDS Epidemic Selected Recent Articles Multiple HIV care models effective for disease management.  (December 2016, Hepmag) PrEP…

Adherence (Sticking to Your Regimen)

Background Information Adherence (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Keeping up with your meds: Adherence (Project Inform) and Spanish version Taking your treatment – adherence (AIDSmap) Selected Recent Articles The Undetectable…

Basic Information about HIV and Treatment

See also: HIV Drugs – Basic Information, HIV Prevention – General Information, Opportunistic Illnesses and Related Conditions – General Information General Information HIV Basics/HIV 101 – Poz fact sheet After…

Benefits of HIV Treatment and Risks of Non-Treatment

See Also: Late HIV Diagnosis and Treatment, Starting HIV Treatment Selected Recent Articles Prompt ART reduces HIV patients’ cancer risk.  (September 2016, Healio) START analysis looks at who benefits most…

CCR5, CXCR4, CD4 Blockers, and Other Attachment Inhibitors

See also: Entry Inhibitors General Information about HIV Medications HIV Drug Chart.  Chart from Positively Aware’s Drug Guide with basic information about each antiretroviral drug and combination pill or tablet…

Cell Therapy and HIV

See also: Gene Therapy and HIV and Zinc Finger Gene Therapy Selected Recent Articles Gene Scissors Thwart HIV in Latent CD4 Cells, But Mutations Make Virus Stronger.  (July 2016, TheBodyPro) Maybe…

Changing HIV Treatment Regimens

See Also: U.S. Guidelines for HIV Testing, Prevention, and Treatment; Starting HIV Treatment; Comparing HIV Drug Regimens; Salvage Treatment for HIV; Innovative Approaches to HIV Treatment Selected Recent Articles Ask…

Comparing HIV Drug Regimens

See Also: U.S. Guidelines for HIV Testing, Prevention, and Treatment; Starting HIV Treatment; Changing Treatment Regimens; Salvage Treatment for HIV; Innovative Approaches to HIV Treatment Selected Recent Articles Integrase inhibitors…

Complementary Therapies and HIV

Fact Sheets Alternative and complementary therapies (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Alternative (Complementary) Therapies for HIV/AIDS (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs) Complementary therapies (The Well Project) Chinese acupuncture (AIDS InfoNet)…

Drug Dosing and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring

See also: Long-Acting and Slow-Release HIV Medications Fact Sheets and Background Information Drug Level Testing (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian versions Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) (TheBody) Selected Recent Articles…

Groups Affected by HIV, Viral Hepatitis, and Sexually Transmitted Infections

Acute Hepatitis C Virus Infection

General Information The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) What Are the Symptoms and Signs of Hepatitis C?  (American Liver Foundation) What Are the Signs and Symptoms…

Drug Interactions (HIV and Hepatitis C)

General Information Drug Interactions (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Drug Interactions (Project Inform) – fact sheet with links to sites that allow you to check medications for possible interactions Database…

Hepatitis A Virus Infection

  General Information Hepatitis A Overview Materials: Hepatitis A (MedlinePlus) The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) What I need to know about hepatitis A…

Hepatitis B Virus Infection

  General Information Basic Resources from Various Sites: Hepatitis B (MedlinePlus) What I need to know about hepatitis B (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) and Spanish…

Hepatitis C Basics

General Information Overview Materials: Hepatitis C (MedlinePlus) The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) What I need to know about hepatitis C (National Institute of…

Hepatitis C Genotypes

General Information Hepatitis C Genotypes (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Hepatitis C Genotypes and Quasispecies (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs) HCV Genotype and Quasispecies (Hepatitis C Support Project) Are There…

Hepatitis C Outbreaks and Case Clusters

See also: Hepatitis C: Epidemiology and Affected Population Groups Selected Recent Articles “Overdose Outbreak” Hits West Virginia in the Midst of Opioid Crisis.  (August 2016, Hepmag) Hepatitis C Epidemic Hits…

Hepatitis C Reinfection

Selected Recent Articles Hepatitis C infection and reinfection among men who have sex with men need higher priority, US and European studies show.  (September 2016, AIDSmap) Risk of reinfection is…

Hepatitis C Screening/Testing

General Information Testing Recommendations for Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) Final Recommendation Statement: Hepatitis C Screening (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force) Testing…

Hepatitis C Vaccine Research

Selected Recent Articles Hepatitis C vaccine development shows progress but scientific barriers remain.  (September 2016, AIDSmap) Separate, coadministration of investigational HIV, HCV vaccines induce similar responses.  (April 2016, Healio); related…

Health Conditions Seen with HIV

Skin Problems and HIV

See Also: Kaposi’s Sarcoma (KS); Staph Infections, Including MRSA; and Thrush General Information Skin Conditions Related to HIV/AIDS (WebMD) HIV and Your Skin (Poz) Skin Problems (AIDSmap) HIV and Rash…

Staph Infections, Including MRSA

General Information Staphylococcus infections (MedlinePlus) MRSA [Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus] (MedlinePlus) Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Infections (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Selected Recent Articles In HIV patients, specific behaviors linked…

Thrush

General Information Candida (thrush) (AIDSmap) Candidiasis (thrush, yeast infection) (Poz) Candidiasis (thrush) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Thrush – Children and Adults (MedlinePlus) Fungal Infections (The Well Project) AIDS-related skin…

Toxoplasmosis

General Information Toxoplasmosis (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Toxoplasmosis (Poz) Guidelines Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents (CDC, National Institutes of Health,…

Treatment for Opportunistic Illnesses

See also: Opportunistic Illnesses and Related Conditions (General Information) and pages for particular opportunistic illnesses Guidelines and General Information Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected…

Tuberculosis (General Information)

See also: Tuberculosis and HIV for information about the TB and HIV together Resources from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention For the General Public and Employers: Tuberculosis –…

Tuberculosis and HIV

See also: Tuberculosis (General Information) for information about TB only (not with HIV infection) General Information Tuberculosis (TB) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Tuberculosis and HIV disease (Project Inform) Tuberculosis…

Wasting Syndrome (Unintentional Weight Loss) and Frailty

See also: Facial Wasting, Fat Loss, and HIV; Nausea and HIV; Nutrition and HIV General Information Wasting Syndrome (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Changes to Your Face and Body (Lipodystrophy…

HIV Prevention, Transmission, and Testing

Circumcision and HIV

Fact Sheets Male Circumcision (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision (VMMC) for HIV Prevention (Avert) Selected Recent Articles Circumcision, ART reduce new HIV infections in rural…

Condoms and Condom Use

See also: HIV Prevention – General Information and HIV Treatment as Prevention General Information Condoms (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Condom Fact Sheet in Brief  (Centers for Disease Control and…

HIV Prevention – General Information

Please note:  This page focuses on general information about HIV prevention.  For more detailed information and news about particular HIV prevention techniques and strategies, see the following Health Library web…

HIV Reinfection

General Information HIV Superinfection (Reinfection) (TheBody) What do we know about HIV superinfection? (Center for AIDS Prevention Studies) and Spanish version HIV superinfection vs. dual initial infection: What clinicians and…

HIV Testing

See also: Blood Tests and Other Lab Tests; Late HIV Diagnosis and Treatment; T-Cell (CD4) Tests and T-Cell Counts; HIV Viral Load and Viral Suppression; and HIV Viral Resistance General…

HIV Transmission

See also: Circumcision and HIV; HIV Prevention – General Information; Microbicides and HIV; PrEP – Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis; Pregnancy, Family Planning, and Mother-to-Child Transmission; PEP – Post-Exposure Prophylaxis; Sexual Health and…

HIV Treatment as Prevention

See also: HIV Transmission; PEP – Post-Exposure Prophylaxis; PrEP – Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis; Pregnancy, Family Planning, and Mother-to-Child Transmission; Sexual Health and HIV General Information Prevention Benefits of HIV Treatment (Centers for Disease…

Microbicides and HIV

General Information Global Campaign for Microbicides – Resources download page (Global Campaign) – This page has many fact sheets, as well as links to many other in-depth resources on HIV…

PEP – Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prevention)

General Information Treatment after exposure to HIV (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Occupational HIV Transmission and Prevention among Health Care Workers (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) PEP and PrEP…

Pregnancy, Family Planning, and Mother-to-Child Transmission

General Information HIV and Pregnancy (AIDSInfo) Pregnancy and HIV (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version HIV and Family Planning (Poz) Having a Baby (AIDSmap) Pregnancy & HIV/AIDS (TheBody) – web page…

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Chlamydia Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections Fact Sheets About Chlamydia Chlamydia (American Sexual Health Association) Chlamydia. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish version Incidence, Prevalence, and Costs…

Gonorrhea Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections Fact Sheets About Gonorrhea Gonorrhea (American Sexual Health Association) Gonorrhea (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish version Incidence, Prevalence, and Costs…

Herpes and HIV

See also: Herpes Basics, Shingles and HIV Background Information Herpes Simplex (Cold Sores and Genital Herpes) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Herpes Zoster (Shingles) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Herpes…

Herpes Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections and Herpes and HIV Fact Sheets About Herpes Herpes (American Sexual Health Association) Genital Herpes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish…

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV

See also: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Basics; Anal and Cervical Cancers and HIV; Cancer, HIV, and Viral Hepatitis; and Sexually Transmitted Infections General Information Human Papillomavirus (HPV) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish…

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV Fact Sheets About Human Papillomavirus (HPV) HPV (American Sexual Health Association) Human Papillomavirus (HPV) (Centers for Disease Control and…

Sexually Transmitted Infections

See also: Syphilis and HIV; Syphilis Basics; Chlamydia Basics; Gonorrhea Basics; Herpes and HIV; Herpes Basics; Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV; Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Basics; and Sexual Health Please Note:…

Syphilis and HIV

See also Sexually Transmitted Infections and Syphilis Basics General Information Syphilis (Poz) Syphilis (AIDSmap) Syphilis (American Sexual Health Association) Syphilis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish…

Syphilis Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections and Syphilis and HIV Fact Sheets Syphilis (American Sexual Health Association) Syphilis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish version Syphilis and…

Viral Hepatitis

Acute Hepatitis C Virus Infection

General Information The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) What Are the Symptoms and Signs of Hepatitis C?  (American Liver Foundation) What Are the Signs and Symptoms…

Drug Interactions (HIV and Hepatitis C)

General Information Drug Interactions (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Drug Interactions (Project Inform) – fact sheet with links to sites that allow you to check medications for possible interactions Database…

Hepatitis A Virus Infection

  General Information Hepatitis A Overview Materials: Hepatitis A (MedlinePlus) The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) What I need to know about hepatitis A…

Hepatitis B Virus Infection

  General Information Basic Resources from Various Sites: Hepatitis B (MedlinePlus) What I need to know about hepatitis B (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) and Spanish…

Hepatitis C Basics

General Information Overview Materials: Hepatitis C (MedlinePlus) The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) What I need to know about hepatitis C (National Institute of…

Hepatitis C Genotypes

General Information Hepatitis C Genotypes (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Hepatitis C Genotypes and Quasispecies (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs) HCV Genotype and Quasispecies (Hepatitis C Support Project) Are There…

Hepatitis C Outbreaks and Case Clusters

See also: Hepatitis C: Epidemiology and Affected Population Groups Selected Recent Articles “Overdose Outbreak” Hits West Virginia in the Midst of Opioid Crisis.  (August 2016, Hepmag) Hepatitis C Epidemic Hits…

Hepatitis C Reinfection

Selected Recent Articles Hepatitis C infection and reinfection among men who have sex with men need higher priority, US and European studies show.  (September 2016, AIDSmap) Risk of reinfection is…

Hepatitis C Screening/Testing

General Information Testing Recommendations for Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) Final Recommendation Statement: Hepatitis C Screening (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force) Testing…

Hepatitis C Vaccine Research

Selected Recent Articles Hepatitis C vaccine development shows progress but scientific barriers remain.  (September 2016, AIDSmap) Separate, coadministration of investigational HIV, HCV vaccines induce similar responses.  (April 2016, Healio); related…

Basic Information about HIV, Hepatitis and Sexually Transmitted Infections

HIV Types, Subtypes, and Strains

General Information Subtype (AIDSInfo HIV/AIDS Glossary) HIV Strains: Types, Groups, and Subtypes (Avert) HIV-1 Subtypes (AIDSmap) HIV-2 (AIDSmap) Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2 (WebMD) HIV-1 global distribution – map on…

HIV Viral Load and Viral Suppression

See also: Viral Resistance General Information General Fact Sheets: Viral load tests (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian version Viral load (AIDSmap) Other Fact Sheets from AIDSmap: Why monitor CD4…

HIV/AIDS Glossaries

Glossaries from Various Sources AIDSInfo Glossary (AIDSInfo) – a very comprehensive, searchable glossary of HIV/AIDS terms; also available as a downloadable PDF file. Glosario del VIH/SIDA (AIDSInfo) Spanish version of…

T-Cell (CD4) Tests and T-Cell Counts

General Information Fact Sheets: CD4 Cell Tests (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian versions CD4 Cell Counts (AIDSmap) CD4 Count (labtestsonline) Other Fact Sheets from AIDSmap: Why Monitor CD4 and Viral Load? CD4 Cell Counts Looking…

HIV Myths and Misunderstandings

See also: AIDS Denialism General Information Myths about HIV/AIDS (TheBody) AIDS Myths and Misunderstandings (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian versions How to Identify AIDS Fraud (Project Inform) How Is…

HIV Drugs – Basic Information

General Information about HIV Medications HIV Drug Chart.  Chart from Positively Aware’s Drug Guide with basic information about each antiretroviral drug and combination pill or tablet approved by FDA.  For…

Basic Information about HIV and Treatment

See also: HIV Drugs – Basic Information, HIV Prevention – General Information, Opportunistic Illnesses and Related Conditions – General Information General Information HIV Basics/HIV 101 – Poz fact sheet After…

Blood Tests and Other Lab Tests (in Persons Living with HIV)

See also:  HIV Testing; T-Cell Tests; HIV Viral Load and Viral Suppression; HIV Viral Resistance General Information Testing for HIV.  Fact sheet from AIDSInfo for HIV-infected individuals explaining HIV testing….

HIV and the Immune System

See also: Primary (Early) HIV Infection; Immune-Based Therapies; Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS); Long-Term Nonprogressors and ‘Elite Controllers’; and Vaccines to Prevent and Treat HIV Infection Background Information Immune System…

AIDS Denialism

See also: HIV Myths and Misunderstandings Background Information AIDS Treatment News Denialist Series (TheBody) – This series of articles, though written in 2000 and 2001, is still an excellent review…