Health Library

Since 1988, AIDS Action’s Health Library has provided reliable and up-to-date information about HIV treatment and wellness.

This library is here to provide information to people with HIV and their partners, families, and friends, as well as healthcare and social-service providers.  We also provide information on related illnesses, such as viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and tuberculosis (TB).

You can access the Health Library’s extensive online resources by using the pull-down menus below.  The menus are arranged by major themes, such as “Learning About HIV” and “HIV Treatment and Cure Research.”  When you click on each pull-down menu, you’ll find a list of Library web pages related to that theme.

Altogether, there are more than 240 topic pages related to HIV, hepatitis C, STIs, and TB.  These pages have links to thousands of recent fact sheets, articles, and reports in English and Spanish.

Explore the links below for detailed information on over 200 topics related to HIV, STDs, viral hepatitis, and related health concerns.

Learning About HIV

Vitamins, Other Supplements, HIV, and Hepatitis C

See also: Nutrition and HIV General Information Vitamins and Minerals (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Vitamins, Minerals, and Supplements (CATIE) – section from “A Practical Guide to Nutrition for People…

Wellness, HIV, and Hepatitis C

Note: This web page provides links to basic information about living a healthy life with HIV, hepatitis C, or both. It also provides links to other Health Library pages with…

HIV and Hepatitis Criminalization

See also: HIV and Hepatitis Stigma and Discrimination and Prison Inmates, Ex-Offenders, HIV, and Viral Hepatitis General Information Resources from the Center for HIV Law and Policy, including their Positive…

HIV Treatment and Cure Research

HIV Treatment – General Information

Please note:  This web page focuses on general HIV treatment information.  For more detailed information about particular aspects of HIV treatment, see: Benefits of HIV Treatment and Risks of Nontreatment;…

HIV Viral Load and Viral Suppression

See also: Viral Resistance General Information General Fact Sheets: Viral load tests (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian version Viral load (AIDSmap) Other Fact Sheets from AIDSmap: Why monitor CD4…

HIV Viral Resistance

See also: HIV Viral Load and Viral Suppression General Information Understanding drug resistance (Poz) HIV resistance testing (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian versions Resistance (The Well Project) What Is…

Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS)

See also: Inflammation and HIV Basic Information IRIS: Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (Project Inform) Immune restoration syndrome (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Guidelines Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of…

Immune-Based Therapies

See also: HIV and the Immune System; Cell Therapy and HIV; Gene Therapy and HIV; Interleukin-2; and Vaccines to Prevent or Treat HIV Infection General Information Immune Restoration (AIDS InfoNet)…

Innovative Approaches to HIV Treatment

See also: U.S. Guidelines for HIV Testing, Prevention, and Treatment; Starting HIV Treatment; Changing HIV Treatment Regimens; Salvage Treatment for HIV; and Comparing HIV Drug Regimens Selected Recent Articles ViiV…

Integrase Inhibitors

General Information about HIV Medications HIV Drug Chart.  Chart from Positively Aware’s Drug Guide with basic information about each antiretroviral drug and combination pill or tablet approved by FDA.  For…

Interrupting HIV treatment

See also: Basic Information About HIV and Treatment and Starting HIV Treatment General Information Treatment interruptions (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian versions Treatment breaks (AIDSmap) Discontinuation or Interruption of…

Late HIV Diagnosis and Treatment

See also: Benefits of HIV Treatment and Risks of Nontreatment and HIV Testing Selected Recent Articles Study shows how time runs out on teenagers with HIV after a decade or…

Long-Acting and Slow-Release HIV Medications (Treatment and Prevention)

Selected Recent Articles Monthly Dosing Drug Raises Hopes and Concerns.  (July 2016, MedPage Today) Long-acting injectable drugs work well for HIV maintenance therapy.  (July 2016, AIDSmap) What we’re learning about…

Groups Affected by HIV, Viral Hepatitis, and Sexually Transmitted Infections

Acute Hepatitis C Virus Infection

General Information The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) What Are the Symptoms and Signs of Hepatitis C?  (American Liver Foundation) What Are the Signs and Symptoms…

Drug Interactions (HIV and Hepatitis C)

General Information Drug Interactions (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Drug Interactions (Project Inform) – fact sheet with links to sites that allow you to check medications for possible interactions Database…

Hepatitis A Virus Infection

  General Information Hepatitis A Overview Materials: Hepatitis A (MedlinePlus) The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) What I need to know about hepatitis A…

Hepatitis B Virus Infection

  General Information Basic Resources from Various Sites: Hepatitis B (MedlinePlus) What I need to know about hepatitis B (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) and Spanish…

Hepatitis C Basics

General Information Overview Materials: Hepatitis C (MedlinePlus) The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) What I need to know about hepatitis C (National Institute of…

Hepatitis C Genotypes

General Information Hepatitis C Genotypes (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Hepatitis C Genotypes and Quasispecies (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs) HCV Genotype and Quasispecies (Hepatitis C Support Project) Are There…

Hepatitis C Outbreaks and Case Clusters

See also: Hepatitis C: Epidemiology and Affected Population Groups Selected Recent Articles “Overdose Outbreak” Hits West Virginia in the Midst of Opioid Crisis.  (August 2016, Hepmag) Hepatitis C Epidemic Hits…

Hepatitis C Reinfection

Selected Recent Articles Hepatitis C infection and reinfection among men who have sex with men need higher priority, US and European studies show.  (September 2016, AIDSmap) Risk of reinfection is…

Hepatitis C Screening/Testing

General Information Testing Recommendations for Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) Final Recommendation Statement: Hepatitis C Screening (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force) Testing…

Hepatitis C Vaccine Research

Selected Recent Articles Hepatitis C vaccine development shows progress but scientific barriers remain.  (September 2016, AIDSmap) Separate, coadministration of investigational HIV, HCV vaccines induce similar responses.  (April 2016, Healio); related…

Health Conditions Seen with HIV

Neuropathy (Nerve Damage) and HIV

See also: Pain Management, HIV, and Viral Hepatitis General Information Peripheral Neuropathy (Poz) Peripheral Neuropathy (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Peripheral Neuropathy and HIV (Project Inform) Neuropathy – Nerve Pain…

Opportunistic Illnesses and Related Conditions (General Information)

See also: Treatment for Opportunistic Illnesses and pages for particular opportunistic illnesses Please Note: Most of the resources on this page focus on opportunistic illnesses and their treatment.  However, we…

Oral (Mouth) Health and HIV

General Information HIV and the Mouth (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version HIV and Your Mouth (The Well Project) Mouth Problems and HIV (National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research) and…

Organ Transplantation, HIV, and Hepatitis C

General Information Organ Transplants & HIV/AIDS (Thebody) – web site with links to fact sheets and articles about organ transplantation Blood Transfusions & Organ/Tissue Transplants (AIDS.gov) Selected Recent Articles HCV/HIV…

Pages for Particular HIV Drugs

Nucleoside or Nucleotide Analogue Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (“Nukes” or NRTIs) Abacavir (Ziagen) Didanosine (ddI, Videx) Emtricitabine (FTC, Emtriva) Lamivudine (3TC, Epivir) Stavudine (d4T, Zerit) Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (Viread) Zalcitabine (ddC,…

Parasitic Infections and HIV

See also: Cryptosporidiosis; Food Safety and HIV; PCP – Pneumocystis Pneumonia; Opportunistic Illnesses and Related Conditions (General Information); Toxoplasmosis; and Treatment for Opportunistic Illnesses Fact Sheets About Particular Parasitic Infections…

PCP – Pneumocystis Pneumonia

General Information Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version PCP (AIDSmap) Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) (Poz) Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole, Cotrimoxazole (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Dapsone (Avlosulfon) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version…

PML – Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

General Information Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) (Poz) Guidelines Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and…

Shingles and HIV

General Information Herpes Zoster (Shingles) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Herpes Zoster Virus (Shingles) (Poz) Shingles and Chicken Pox (TheBody) Shingles (MedlinePlus) Acyclovir (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Valacyclovir (AIDSInfo) and…

Sinusitis

Fact Sheets and Articles Sinusitis (Sinus Infection) (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) Sinusitis (MedlinePlus) – this web page provides basic background information with links to many other resources…

HIV Prevention, Transmission, and Testing

PrEP – Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prevention)

General Information Materials from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Basic Information on PrEP Take Charge:  Talk to Your Doctor About PrEP Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV…

U.S. Guidelines for HIV Testing, Prevention, and Treatment

Guidelines for HIV Testing Revised Recommendations for HIV Testing of Adults, Adolescents, and Pregnant Women in Health-Care Settings U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement: Screening for HIV Laboratory Testing…

Vaccines to Prevent and Treat HIV Infection

See also: HIV and the Immune System; Immune-Based Therapies; and Immunizations and HIV General Information Preventive HIV Vaccines (AIDSinfo) – Fact sheet with information for potential clinical trial participants on…

Pages for Particular HIV Drugs

Rilpivirine (Edurant)

Fact Sheets About Rilpivirine Rilpivirine (AIDSInfo) and Spanish Rilpivirine (Edurant) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish Edurant (rilpivirine, RPV, TMC-278) (Poz) Edurant: Rilpivirine hydrochloride (rilpivirine) or RPV (Positively Aware) Combination Pills Containing…

Ritonavir (Norvir)

Fact Sheets About Ritonavir Ritonavir (Norvir) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Ritonavir (Norvir) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Norvir (ritonavir) (Poz) Norvir: Ritonavir or RTV (Positively Aware) Combination Treatments That Include…

Saquinavir (Invirase)

Fact Sheets About Saquinavir Saquinavir (Invirase) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Saquinavir (Invirase) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Invirase (Poz) Invirase: Saquinavir or SQV (Positively Aware) For More Information For news…

Stavudine (d4T, Zerit)

Fact Sheets About Stavudine Stavudine (Zerit) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Stavudine (Zerit, d4T) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Zerit (stavudine, d4T) (Poz) Zerit: Stavudine or d4T (Positively Aware) For More…

Stribild (Elvitegravir + Cobicistat + Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate + Emtricitabine)

Fact Sheets About Stribild Elvitegravir/Cobicistat/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (Stribild) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Stribild (elvitegravir + cobicistat + emtricitabine + tenofovir) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Stribild (Poz) Stribild: elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir or…

Tipranavir (Aptivus)

Fact Sheets About Tipranavir Tipranavir (Aptivus) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Tipranavir (Aptivus) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Aptivus (Poz) Aptivus (Tipranavir or TPV) (Positively Aware) For More Information For news…

Triumeq (Dolutegravir + Abacavir + Lamivudine)

Fact Sheets About Triumeq Abacavir/Dolutegravir/Lamivudine (Triumeq) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Triumeq (dolutegravir + abacavir + lamivudine) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Triumeq (Poz) Triumeq: dolutegravir/abacavir/lamivudine or DTG/ABC/3TC (Positively Aware) Medications…

Trizivir (Abacavir + Lamivudine + Zidovudine)

Fact Sheets About Trizivir Abacavir/Lamivudine/Zidovudine (Trizivir) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Trizivir (zidovudine + lamivudine + abacavir) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Trizivir (Poz) Trizivir: abacavir/lamivudine/zidovudine or ABC/3TC/AZT (Positively Aware) Medications…

Zalcitabine (ddC, Hivid)

Note: The drug zalcitabine has been discontinued. Fact Sheet About Zalcitabine Zalcitabine (Hivid, ddC) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version For More Information For information about zalcitabine, you can go to…

Zidovudine (AZT, Retrovir)

Fact Sheets About Zidovudine Zidovudine (Retrovir) (AIDSInfo) and Spanish version Zidovudine (Retrovir, AZT) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Retrovir (zidovudine, AZT) (Poz) Retrovir: Zidovudine, ZDV, or AZT (Positively Aware) Combination…

Sexually Transmitted Infections

Chlamydia Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections Fact Sheets About Chlamydia Chlamydia (American Sexual Health Association) Chlamydia. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish version Incidence, Prevalence, and Costs…

Gonorrhea Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections Fact Sheets About Gonorrhea Gonorrhea (American Sexual Health Association) Gonorrhea (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish version Incidence, Prevalence, and Costs…

Herpes and HIV

See also: Herpes Basics, Shingles and HIV Background Information Herpes Simplex (Cold Sores and Genital Herpes) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Herpes Zoster (Shingles) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Herpes…

Herpes Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections and Herpes and HIV Fact Sheets About Herpes Herpes (American Sexual Health Association) Genital Herpes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish…

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV

See also: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Basics; Anal and Cervical Cancers and HIV; Cancer, HIV, and Viral Hepatitis; and Sexually Transmitted Infections General Information Human Papillomavirus (HPV) (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish…

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV Fact Sheets About Human Papillomavirus (HPV) HPV (American Sexual Health Association) Human Papillomavirus (HPV) (Centers for Disease Control and…

Sexually Transmitted Infections

See also: Syphilis and HIV; Syphilis Basics; Chlamydia Basics; Gonorrhea Basics; Herpes and HIV; Herpes Basics; Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV; Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Basics; and Sexual Health Please Note:…

Syphilis and HIV

See also Sexually Transmitted Infections and Syphilis Basics General Information Syphilis (Poz) Syphilis (AIDSmap) Syphilis (American Sexual Health Association) Syphilis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish…

Syphilis Basics

See also: Sexually Transmitted Infections and Syphilis and HIV Fact Sheets Syphilis (American Sexual Health Association) Syphilis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) and Spanish version Syphilis and…

Viral Hepatitis

Acute Hepatitis C Virus Infection

General Information The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) What Are the Symptoms and Signs of Hepatitis C?  (American Liver Foundation) What Are the Signs and Symptoms…

Drug Interactions (HIV and Hepatitis C)

General Information Drug Interactions (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Drug Interactions (Project Inform) – fact sheet with links to sites that allow you to check medications for possible interactions Database…

Hepatitis A Virus Infection

  General Information Hepatitis A Overview Materials: Hepatitis A (MedlinePlus) The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) What I need to know about hepatitis A…

Hepatitis B Virus Infection

  General Information Basic Resources from Various Sites: Hepatitis B (MedlinePlus) What I need to know about hepatitis B (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases) and Spanish…

Hepatitis C Basics

General Information Overview Materials: Hepatitis C (MedlinePlus) The ABCs of Hepatitis (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) What I need to know about hepatitis C (National Institute of…

Hepatitis C Genotypes

General Information Hepatitis C Genotypes (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish version Hepatitis C Genotypes and Quasispecies (U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs) HCV Genotype and Quasispecies (Hepatitis C Support Project) Are There…

Hepatitis C Outbreaks and Case Clusters

See also: Hepatitis C: Epidemiology and Affected Population Groups Selected Recent Articles “Overdose Outbreak” Hits West Virginia in the Midst of Opioid Crisis.  (August 2016, Hepmag) Hepatitis C Epidemic Hits…

Hepatitis C Reinfection

Selected Recent Articles Hepatitis C infection and reinfection among men who have sex with men need higher priority, US and European studies show.  (September 2016, AIDSmap) Risk of reinfection is…

Hepatitis C Screening/Testing

General Information Testing Recommendations for Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – CDC) Final Recommendation Statement: Hepatitis C Screening (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force) Testing…

Hepatitis C Vaccine Research

Selected Recent Articles Hepatitis C vaccine development shows progress but scientific barriers remain.  (September 2016, AIDSmap) Separate, coadministration of investigational HIV, HCV vaccines induce similar responses.  (April 2016, Healio); related…

Basic Information about HIV, Hepatitis and Sexually Transmitted Infections

HIV Types, Subtypes, and Strains

General Information Subtype (AIDSInfo HIV/AIDS Glossary) HIV Strains: Types, Groups, and Subtypes (Avert) HIV-1 Subtypes (AIDSmap) HIV-2 (AIDSmap) Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2 (WebMD) HIV-1 global distribution – map on…

HIV Viral Load and Viral Suppression

See also: Viral Resistance General Information General Fact Sheets: Viral load tests (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian version Viral load (AIDSmap) Other Fact Sheets from AIDSmap: Why monitor CD4…

HIV/AIDS Glossaries

Glossaries from Various Sources AIDSInfo Glossary (AIDSInfo) – a very comprehensive, searchable glossary of HIV/AIDS terms; also available as a downloadable PDF file. Glosario del VIH/SIDA (AIDSInfo) Spanish version of…

T-Cell (CD4) Tests and T-Cell Counts

General Information Fact Sheets: CD4 Cell Tests (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian versions CD4 Cell Counts (AIDSmap) CD4 Count (labtestsonline) Other Fact Sheets from AIDSmap: Why Monitor CD4 and Viral Load? CD4 Cell Counts Looking…

HIV Myths and Misunderstandings

See also: AIDS Denialism General Information Myths about HIV/AIDS (TheBody) AIDS Myths and Misunderstandings (AIDS InfoNet) and Spanish and Russian versions How to Identify AIDS Fraud (Project Inform) How Is…

HIV Drugs – Basic Information

General Information about HIV Medications HIV Drug Chart.  Chart from Positively Aware’s Drug Guide with basic information about each antiretroviral drug and combination pill or tablet approved by FDA.  For…

Basic Information about HIV and Treatment

See also: HIV Drugs – Basic Information, HIV Prevention – General Information, Opportunistic Illnesses and Related Conditions – General Information General Information HIV Basics/HIV 101 – Poz fact sheet After…

Blood Tests and Other Lab Tests (in Persons Living with HIV)

See also:  HIV Testing; T-Cell Tests; HIV Viral Load and Viral Suppression; HIV Viral Resistance General Information Testing for HIV.  Fact sheet from AIDSInfo for HIV-infected individuals explaining HIV testing….

HIV and the Immune System

See also: Primary (Early) HIV Infection; Immune-Based Therapies; Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS); Long-Term Nonprogressors and ‘Elite Controllers’; and Vaccines to Prevent and Treat HIV Infection Background Information Immune System…

AIDS Denialism

See also: HIV Myths and Misunderstandings Background Information AIDS Treatment News Denialist Series (TheBody) – This series of articles, though written in 2000 and 2001, is still an excellent review…